In Germany, 345 new wind turbines with a total capacity of around 1.4 gigawatts went into operation onshore in the first nine months of this year. That is an increase of a good 50 percent compared to the same period of the previous year, according to figures from the specialist agency onshore wind energy.
In the entire past year, wind turbines with a total output of 1.42 gigawatts were put into operation in this country; in 2019 it was 0.96 gigawatts. The largest increase in the past ten years was 2017 with 5.5 gigawatts.
Hermann Albers, President of the Federal Wind Energy Association, told the dpa that a strong fourth quarter could still succeed in overcoming the 2 gigawatt mark in the expansion for the year as a whole. This would be a good signal, even if the energy transition actually requires more than 5 gigawatts of new wind energy capacity on land every year.
Brandenburg in front, Bavaria in the back
When it comes to the expansion of onshore wind power from January to the end of September, Brandenburg is ahead with 76 wind turbines, followed by Lower Saxony (71), North Rhine-Westphalia (50) and Schleswig-Holstein (48). In the state of Bavaria, the largest in terms of area, there were only 8.
Because, according to the industry, 165 wind turbines with an output of 172 megawatts were also shut down, the so-called net expansion is 1200 megawatts. The number of newly approved wind turbines that are not yet in operation increased significantly in the first nine months compared to the previous year.
Federal government called for
According to Albers, the key to more permits lies in the areas. “That is why it is essential that the new federal government sets a clear premise here. 2 percent in every federal state must be made mandatory.” That is also the goal of the SPD, the Greens and the FDP. The exploratory paper states that two percent of the land area should be designated for onshore wind power. Nationwide, up to 0.85 percent of the land area was designated for wind energy use at the end of 2020, according to a report by the Federal and State Cooperation Committee in October.
Albers also warned: “The inadequate expansion and the lack of permits are creating a dangerous mix in the high-consumption south-east and south-west.
The Berlin Wind Energy Agency Association is made up of the federal government, the federal states, the central municipal associations, economic and nature conservation associations and companies from the energy industry.